Born in Mauritius, Jean Urruty was alternately a columnist, critic and biographer. He was primarily known for his contributions to the Canadian, Haitian and Guadeloupean francophone poetry in the literary review L’Essor where he worked for many years under the pseudonym Ernest Marville. Winner of the Jean Blaize prize (1949) awarded by the Société des Gens de Lettres de France, between 1971 and 1973 he published an anthology of Mauritian poetry in three volumes (Poètes mauriciens I, II et III) before setting in England with his family, where he died in 1982.